Pakistan textile exports have been going up steadily, in the first five month (July to November) of the current fiscal year textile shipment jumped 7.66 per cent year-on-year to $5.51 bn driven primarily by a surge in value added textile exports. This positive sign raises expectations that full-year proceeds likely to touch $13 bn after a hiatus of two years. In a review of the industry’s performance in the outgoing year 2017, Pakistan Textile Exporters Association (PTEA) Chairman Shaiq Jawed said that textile shipments had been on an upsurge since the start of 2017-18 in July following a continued fall in the previous fiscal year.
After hitting the peak at $13.73 bn in 2013- 14, textile exports dropped to $13.47 bn in 2014-15 and $12.44 bn in 2015-16. Afterwards, they inched up 0.04 per cent at $12.45 bn in 2016-17, but were still lower by more than a billion dollars than the peak. Propped up by cash incentives under the prime minister’s trade package, textile exports took off, but challenges were still there that should be addressed to further ramp up growth, Jawed said.
Pointing to the industry’s lack of competitiveness both in domestic and international arenas, he called the high cost of energy a serious concern as the textile sector heavily banked on energy supplies to run its operations smoothly. In Pakistan, the industrial gas tariff was almost 100 per cent higher and electricity price was about 50 per cent higher compared to regional competitors. Punjabbased industries are compelled to consume high-priced regasified liquefied natural gas (RLNG) in winter, which puts them at a disadvantage compared to industrial units in other provinces.
The liquidity stuck in the tax refund system is another stumbling block; exporters are waiting for the release of billions of rupees blocked in sales tax, income tax and customs duty rebate claims, which has sparked severe liquidity crunch. If these payments are released, the exporters can utilise the money on trade expansion. Pakistan textile industry has not made enough investment in technology because of which productive capacity of the sector has remained stagnant. Technological advancement is another area where textile industry has trailed its competitors.